idesign > styles > Empire Style

France, 1804 - 1814 AC

 

 

 

 

Empire Style

Empire Furniture

Percier and Fontaine

Jacob-Desmalter

 

Pictures

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empire chair pic from www.artquid.com

image source:fr.artquid.com

 

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Empire Style  

image source:www.furniturestyles.net

interior palacio madrid pic from wikipedia

image source:en.wikipedia.org

 

In the 1740s, the accidental discovery of the buried Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum inspired a renewed interest in Antiquity. Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717 -1768) a German art historian and archaeologist who studied the sites, was the first to articulate the differences between Greek, Greco-Roman and Roman art. His writings profoundly changed the field of art history, and influenced the rise of the Neoclassical movement in the last half of the century. Info source: www.theatre.ubc.ca

The French Empire style, or First Empire, was developed during the reign of Napoleon, and the letter "N" was found everywhere in the decoration and interiors of the period. The style was a revival of Greek, Roman and Egyptian motifs which had begun in the neo classical period and extending through the time of Directoire furniture. Info source:www.furniturestyles.net

 

       

Empire Furniture

 

empire furniture pic from www.gutemberg.org

image source:www.gutenberg.org

http://www.grandtradition.net/files/Jacob-Desmalter.jpg

image source:www.grandtradition.net

 

 
The wreath, torch, Sphinx, Greek band, honeysuckle, Roman eagle, columns and scroll supports predominated in 1st Empire furniture. Classic shapes or lines and classic decorations in chiseled bronze, called ormolu, were notable attempts in the neoclassic style. The subjects for ormolu decorations were taken from Greek mythology and were often combined with emblems of liberty, lyres, rosettes, and so forth. Info source:www.furniturestyles.net
       
Percier and Fontaine  

piercer and fontaine throne pic from www.georgianindex.net

percier and fontaine interior pic from www.georgianindex.net

image source:www.georgianindex.net

 

Charles Percier (French, 1764–1838); Pierre-François-Léonard Fontaine (French, 1762–1853).

Percier and Fontaine, served as the official designers for Napoleon and heavily influenced the appearance of Empire-style wares produced in both Europe and America through the publication of the serial Recueil de décorations intérieures, which premiered in 1801 and was issued as a complete volume in 1812. Info source: www.metmuseum.org

Perier and Fontaine, architects and interior decorators, steeped in the art of early Rome, as unearthed at Pompeii, returned to Paris and were instrumental in directing and satisfying the craving for order, restraint and simple strength. These two artists are responsible for the very beautiful decorative designs known as Directoire, original creations inspired by the classic models. Info source: www.furniturestyles.net

       
Jacob & Desmalter  

napoleon bedroom pic from http://www.napoleon.org/en/gallery/pictures/files/Napoleon_s_bedroom1.asp

image source: www.napoleon.org

 

François-Honoré-Georges Jacob-Desmalter (1770 – 1841) oversaw one of the most successful and influential furniture workshops in Paris, from 1796 to 1825. The son of Georges Jacob, an outstanding chairmaker who worked in the Louis XVI style and Directoire styles of the earlier phase of Neoclassicism and executed many royal commissions, Jacob-Desmalter, in partnership with his older brother, assumed the family workshop in 1796.

Furniture in the Empire style produced by the firm of Jacob-Desmalter et Cie ("and Company") in rue Meslée mainly employed mahogany veneers with gilt-bronze mounts. Info source: en.wikipedia.org

         
       

Pictures

 

chaise longue empire pic from http://www.curatedobject.us/the_curated_object_/200804/

image source:www.curatedobject.us

 

 

 

 

 

empire furniture pic from www.gutemberg.orgimage source:www.gutenberg.org

empire chair pic from www.furniturestyles.netimage source:www.furniturestyles.net

empire furniture pic from www.www.a-castle-for-rent.comimage source:www.a-castle-for-rent.com

 

chair and bureau pic from http://www.restorations.net/empire/empire.htmimage source:www.restorations.net

console empire pic from http://www.dreamhomedesignusa.com/jpegs/ICC0725.jpgimage source:www.dreamhomedesignusa.com

tripod pic from http://www.firmafrance.com/images_firmafrance/4902.jpgimage source:www.firmafrance.com

empire commode pic from www.webalice.itimage source:www.webalice.it

psyche empire style pic from http://lh5.ggpht.com/_AJ5KHQCElWQ/RmX-aXA6YkI/AAAAAAAAAzc/6pZaf4PD670/IMG_2169.JPGimage source:lh5.ggpht.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
       
Links  

more about Empire Style: www.furniturestyles.net

more about Percier and Fontaine: www.metmuseum.org

more Empire furniture: www.museumfurniture.com

empire furniture seller:www.furniturestyles.net

more Jacob & Desmalter furniture: desmalter.com

 

 

 

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