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Hector Guimard







hector guimard

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Guimard studied and later taught at the School of Decorative Arts and at the École des Beaux- (“School of Fine Arts”) in Paris. Although much of his work is more engineering than architecture, he considered himself an architecte d’art. His Castel Béranger apartment building at 16 rue La Fontaine, Passy, Paris (1894–98), was one of the first Art Nouveau edifices outside Belgium, where the style originated. Several entrance structures (1898–1901) for the Paris Métro (subway), of cast iron in plantlike forms, are his best-known works. Info source:

Using varied materials—including metal, faience, and glass brick—Guimard created a design outstanding for the sinuous curves of its decoration, most notably evident in the floral and vegetative motifs of the wrought-iron gates. He is best known for his subway entrances for the Paris Métro (c. 1900), fanciful kiosks imaginatively detailed in wrought iron, bronze, and glass. A few remain in Paris; one of them is now in the garden of New York City’s Museum of Modern Art. His influence, like that of all Art Nouveau architects, was nullified by the emergent functional styles of the 20th century. Info source:


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