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Mies Van der Rohe

 

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mies pic from http://www.iit.edu/arch/about/history/images/mies.jpg

image source: dreamhome.blogs.nytimes.com

 

 

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L.M. Van der Rohe  

barcelona mies van der rohe

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barcelona interior pic from www.steelform.com

image source: www.steelform.com

fansworth house by van der rohe pic from http://www.e-architect.co.uk/chicago/jpgs/farnsworth_house_gmad06_3.jpg

image source: www.e-architect.co.uk

mies farnsworth house interior

image source: www.floornature.com

 

Mies Van der Rohe, Ludwig (1886-1969), German-American architect, who was the leading and most influential exponent of the glass and steel architecture of the 20th-century International style.

Mies's style was characterized by its severe simplicity and the refinement of its exposed structural elements. Although not the first architect to work in this mode, he carried rationalism and functionalism to their ultimate stage of development. His famous dictum "less is more" crystallized the basic philosophy of mid-20th-century architecture. Rigidly geometrical and devoid of ornamentation, his buildings depended for their effect on subtlety of proportion, elegance of material (including marble, onyx, chrome, and travertine), and precision of details. Mies was director of the Bauhaus School of Design, the major center of 20th-century architectural modernism, from 1930 until its disbandment in 1933. Info source:www.germanheritage.com

The minimalism of all aspects of Mies's design can be inferred from this description. Similarly, the treatment of structure and space reflected his changed attitudes toward both in his American years. What remained of Europe was chiefly the asymmetry, most noticeable in the sliding terrace and the placement of the core, and Mies's use of materials.

He employed Roman travertine for all deck and floor areas. The primavera core was specially constructed by a German immigrant craftsman, Karl Freund. The steel frame, once completed, was sand-blasted to guarantee the smoothest of surfaces, then painted white. Mies personally supervised the selection of the travertine slabs and demanded uncommonly fine tolerances in the joining of all parts. Info source:www.columbia.edu

       
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360° Barcelona Lounge Chair by Mies Van der Rohe: iDesign / design objects / Barcelona Chair

more Modern Design: iDesign / Styles / International Style

more about International Style: www.britannica.com

more about Mies Van der Rohe: www.moma.org

 

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