idesign > Keystones > Bauhaus

Germany, 1919 - 1933 AC

 

Bauhaus

Bauhaus Furniture

Functionalism

Walter Gropius

Marcel Breuer

 

 

Pictures

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marcel breuer wassilly chair

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Bauhaus  

bauhaus school pic from http://stashpocket.wordpress.com/2008/02/10/the-story-of-the-bauhaus-school/

image source: stashpocket.wordpress.com

 

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bauhaus pic from http://www.eu-urbanism-bordercities.de/012.html

image source: stashpocket.wordpress.com

 

The Bauhaus occupies a place of its own in the history of 20th century culture, architecture, design, art and new media. One of the first schools of design, it brought together a number of the most outstanding contemporary architects and artists and was not only an innovative training centre but also a place of production and a focus of international debate. At a time when industrial society was in the grip of a crisis, the Bauhaus stood almost alone in asking how the modernisation process could be mastered by means of design.

Founded in Weimar in 1919, the Bauhaus rallied masters and students who sought to reverse the split between art and production by returning to the crafts as the foundation of all artistic activity and developing exemplary designs for objects and spaces that were to form part of a more humane future society. Info source: www.bauhaus-dessau.de

       
Bauhaus Furniture  

bauhaus chair pic from www.museumfurniture.com

bauhaus desk pic from www.museumfurniture.com

image source: www.museumfurniture.com

 

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The forms in the Bauhaus furniture are frequently simple and light without decorative additive. Frequently used are: steel, glass, bent wood, leathers and plastic. The most attentive colors are: generally black, white, brown, grey and chromium. Sometimes the primary colors of the furniture are used sporadically to accentuate and to give entirely the less dark appearance. Bauhaus was the preamble of modernism and functionalism. Info source: www.museumfurniture.com

The Bauhaus movement continues to influence us today, where any modern environment often incorporates elements of the period. The ideas of the Bauhaus creators have influenced architecture, furniture, typography, and weaving. Info source: www.arthistoryguide.com

       
Functionalism  

bau haus model pic from www.e-architekt.cz

image source: www.e-architekt.cz

 

A thing is defined by its essence. In order to design it so that it functions well – a receptacle, a chair, a house – its essence must first be explored; it should serve its purpose perfectly, that is, fulfil its function practically and be durable, inexpensive and ‘beautiful’.” (Walter Gropius, 1925) Info source: www.bauhaus-dessau.de

       
Walter Gropius  

walter gropius picture pic from http://www.designandtechnologyonline.com/design%20and%20technology%20online/Projects/Briefhaus/Webpages/briefhaus%20main.htm

image source: www.designandtechnologyonline.com

walter gropius chair pic from /www.bonluxat.com

image source: www.bonluxat.com

 

Walter Gropius was born in 1883 in Berlin to a German architect. He studied at the Technical Univerisities in Munich and Berlin and joined the company of Peter Behrens in 1910, later joining the practice of Adolph Meyer. After serving in the war Gropius joining several radical artist groups, finally becoming the Director of the Bauhaus.

Gropius taught at a school which focused on functional craftsmanship, and his students were guided to focus on designs that could be mass produced. The Bauhaus school had some famous teachers which included Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, and Marcel Breuer. Info source: www.arthistoryguide.com

       
Marcel Breuer  

marcel breuer chair 1928 pic from www.vam.ac.uk

image source: www.designboom.com

marcel breuer chair pic from http://www.classic-design24.com/armchairs/breuer-marcel/marcel-breuer-armchair-wassily-50-125-1925.html

image source: www.classic-design24.com

 

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Marcel Lajos Breuer – Lajkó to his friends – was born on 21 May 1902 in the provincial city of Pecs, Hungary. His early study and teaching at the Bauhaus in Weimar and Dessau in the twenties introduced the wunderkind to the older giants of the era of whom three – Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe, and Walter Gropius – were to have life-long influence upon his professional life.

By the time he left Germany in 1935 to join Gropius in London, Breuer was one of the best-known designers in Europe. His reputation was based upon his invention of tubular steel furniture, one big residence, two apartment houses, some shop interiors and several competition entries. Info source: www.marcelbreuer.org

         
     

Pictures

 

mies van der rohe bauhaus chair pic from http://hotnewdesign.blogspot.com/2006/04/mies-van-der-rohe-d-42.html

image source: hotnewdesign.blogspot.com

 

 

 

stool breuer design pic from www.designwithreach.comimage source: www.dwr.com

table by breuer and gropius pic from www.apartmentherapy.comimage source: www.apartmenttherapy.com

bauhaus chair pic from http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1060/1397467304_a0195ec87d_m.jpgimage source: farm2.static.flickr.com

barcelona chair and ottoman pic from image source: www.chairblog.eu

walter gropius benchimage source: www.stylepark.com

gropius armchair pic from http://www.formguide.de/en/designer/overview/walter-gropius/image source: www.formguide.de

 

 

   
       
Links  

360° visualization of B3 Chair by Marcel Breuer: iDesign / Design Objects / B3 Chair

360° visualization of Barcelona Chair by Mies Van der Rohe: iDesign / Design Objects / Barcelona Lounge Chair

more about Rationalism : iDesign / styles / Rationalism

more about Bauhaus : www.bauhaus-dessau.de

Bauhaus furniture : www.museumfurniture.com

more about Breuer : www.marcelbreuer.org

more about Functionalism: www.bauhaus-dessau.de

 

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