idesign > Materials > Marble and Granite

 

 

 

Marble design

 

Marble

Onyx

Granite

Phorphyry

Gravel

 

Links

help

 

 

 

wright wood chair pic from www.classic-design24.com

image source: faculty-web.at.northwestern.edu

 

DOWNLOAD ARCHITECTURAL 3D MODEL

 

DOWNLOAD MARBLE AND GRANITE TEXTURES

 

 

 

       
Marble design  

marble architecture stadio dei marmi pic from flikr.com

image source:www.flickr.com

marble inteior design stoclet palace hoffmann's http://flickr.com/photos/74406842@N00/68554169

Info source: flickr.com

marble design barcelona pavilion by mies van der rohe pic from http://www.building.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=3068892

Info source: www.building.co.uk

travertine and marble bathroom pic from http://www.universaldesignrenovations.com/wordpress/2008/02/04/marble-travertine-for-the-bathrooms-benchtops/

Info source: www.contemporist.com

 

Many years ago in the ancient history “marble tiles” play an important role as a building material. marble materials were used for the construction of some of the famous structures from the history of the Ancient world. marble tile has been used in building the courtyard of Caesar, and in the palaces of the Renaissance of Europe. The Greek Parthenon built in honor of the Goddess Athena, known as the Greek Goddess of craft and wisdom, is made up of marble tile too. And in 27 BC the Romans followed the Greeks in their use of marble tiles for building the floor structures of all their gods. The popular Taj Mahal is also made up with white marble during the period of 1633-1653 in honor of the departed pride of a noble man, and much more historical structures to mention. Info source:tilenet.net

Marbles are used principally for buildings and monuments, interior decoration, statuary, table tops, and novelties. Color and appearance are their most important qualities. Resistance to abrasion, as well as the hardness of the component minerals, is important for floor and stair treads.

Physical deformation and chemical decomposition of the metamorphic marbles often produces attractive colored and variegated varieties. Decomposition yields hematite, brown limonite, pale-green talc, and, in particular, the green or yellow serpentine derived from forsterite and diopside, which is characteristic of the ophicalcites or verd antiques. Earth movements may shatter the rocks, producing fissures that are afterward filled with veins of calcite; in this way the beautiful brecciated, or veined, marbles are produced. Info source:www.planotile.com

       
Marble  

http://luda.co.uk/iran/marble/images/persian_red_500.jpg

Info source:www.stone-network.com

white marble pic from sharecg.com

image source:www.sharecg.com

 

marble saarinen table pic from www.timeout.com

image source:www.timeout.com

marble white and black marble design sink pic from http://www.housetohome.co.uk/imageBank/cache/m/Marble-basin_e_c05121baa6f7e87f42266c0662e4a480.jpg

Info source: www.housetohome.co.uk

black marble fireplace pic from http://www.myfavoritethings.tv/gifts/furniture/electric_fireplaces/marble_electric_fireplaces/electric_fireplace_montmartreblack.shtml

Info source: www.myfavoritethings.tv

 

Marble is a rock widely used in buildings, monuments, and sculptures. It consists chiefly of calcite or dolomite, or a combination of these carbonate minerals. Marble is a type of metamorphic rock formed from limestone.

Marble is found in many countries, including Belgium, France, Great Britain, Greece, India, Italy, and Spain. Marble has long been highly valued for its beauty, strength, and resistance to fire and erosion. The ancient Greeks used marble in many buildings and statues. The Italian artist Michaelangelo used marble from Carrara, Italy, in a number of sculptures.

There are several types of marbles, including calcites (from calciferous limestones), dolomites (from dolomitic limestone), serpentines (typically green marbles) and travertines (sedimentary limestone). Each of these is similar in their composition, that being predominantly calcium carbonate, and their capability to take a polish. The stone that is quarried west of Belen in central New Mexico is a travertine marble. Info source: www.flooringguide.com

The characteristic swirls and veins of many coloured marble varieties are usually due to various mineral impurities such as clay, silt, sand, iron oxides, or chert which were originally present as grains or layers in the limestone.

Green colouration is often due to serpentine resulting from originally high magnesium limestone or dolostone with silica impurities. These various impurities have been mobilised and recrystallised by the intense pressure and heat of the metamorphism.

Marble is a perfect solution to complement everything from a modern entrance hall or office atrium to a luxurious conservatory or bathroom. Marble's classic property of the diffuse light the stone reflects is ideal for both calm lighting (especially candlelight) in the evening and for bright sunlight during the day. Naturally-occurring patterns in the stone create subtle decorative effects which will be entirely unique and thus highly individual.

Marble has long been associated with classical architecture having been used in temples, palaces and churches across continents, cultures and religions. Its light hues, slight translucence and unique, delicate patterns lend it the sophisticated qualities which have kept it so sought after down the centuries. Marble has become a cultural symbol of tradition and refined taste. Its extremely varied and colorful patterns make it a favourite decorative material. Info source: www.athenastonetiles.co.uk

       
Onyx  

orange onyx from iran pic from eurasian.com

image source:eurasian.com

onyx kitchen pic from http://www.thesexykitchen.com/images/onyx_countertop.jpg

image source:www.thesexykitchen.com

marble mies barcelona pic from www.pushpullbar.com

image source:www.pushpullbar.com

traslucent back lighted onyx pic from

image source:www.alibaba.com

 

A semiprecious variety of chalcedony quartz that is used often in jewelry and is considered a gemstone. Onyx is a very beautiful stone with variegated spots and layers, but is also fragile in nature. Special care needs to be taken in the fabrication process. Onyx can be used for furniture, fireplace surrounds, bar tops. Info source:www.paramountgranite.com

The name onyx, from ancient Greek ὄνυξ, meaning nail (referring to finger nail), has been hypothesized to have been applied to this variety of chalcedony because of an early belief that it was formed from Venus' finger nails that were clipped by Cupid as she slept. The translucency plus the banding aspect of fingernails -- which are so-to-speak banded with the white (when clean) ends, the main rosy to flesh colored section (hue dependent on one's blood pressure) and the lighter colored "half moons" near their exposed bases Info source:www.cst.cmich.edu

It is a natural stone that is considered to be semi precious. Onyx is available in a color range from white to deep green and has a translucent appearance. It is being used widely in kitchen backsplashes as well as in free standing structures such as sinks, wash basins and tiles. Info source:www.thesexykitchen.com

 

       
Granite  

granite white and black bianco sardo pic from eurasian.com

red granite pic from eurasian.com

image source: eurasian.com

granite sink pic from http://www.naturalstonesolutions.co.uk/store/product_info.php?products_id=8

Info source: www.naturalstonesolutions.co.uk

chippendale style mahogany desk pic from http://www.arthurbrett.com/desks/1977.htm

Info source: www.thegreenhead.com

 

Red background with light blue quartz dots. The medium crystalline texture makes it suitable for facades and other construction details. This stone is used worldwide in a number of large projects. It is a hard stone with not much of colour variation.

It is mainly used for flooring, cladding, kitchen counters and table tops. It looks best when it is glossy however honed, flamed and river-washed finishes are also available. Available in both slabs and tiles. Info source:eurasian.com

Granite is an igneous rock. Igneous rocks form when molten rock cools and solidifies or crystallizes.

The rate at which the molten rock cools determines its texture. When the rock cool slowly, it is made up of large crystals because the crystals had a long time to grow before the crystallization process was finished. This forms a coarse-grained texture.

On the other hand, rocks formed by the rapid cooling of lava at the earth's surface, are made up of tiny crystals because crystallization was completed within a few seconds, hours, or perhaps days.

Minerals within granite typically appear as small flecks throughout the stone, creating, a "salt and pepper" look. Other types have veining similar to marble.

Granite comes in a variety of colors and can be highly polished or finished in other ways. Info source: www.stonesmithinc.com

       
Phorphyry  

porphyry

image source: dragons-intl.com

porphyry nero's bathroom vatican pic from http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/vatican-museums.htm

image source: www.sacred-destinations.com

porphyry tomb pic from about.com

image source: z.about.com

porphyry rough modern kitchen by claudio silvestrin pic from www.dezeen.com

image source: www.dezeen.com

 

Porphyry is a remarkably hard, durable rock, which in antiquity derived its name from the fact that its intense, dark red colour, speckled with white inclusions, is similar to the purple colour called purpura by the Romans. The name was extended by association to the massif where porphyry was quarried in Egypt, which the Romans called Mons Porphyrites.

The Romans began to quarry porphyry in the First Century BC, employing it in such large quantities that by the Fifth Century AD their quarries were nearly exhausted. Porphyry was used extensively for monumental elements, and it became invested with an Imperial symbolism, perhaps on account of its analogy with the purpura, which from ancient times had been the prerogative of regal dignity. The use of Porphyry was in fact limited at this time by Diocletian to the Imperial family.

This sacred and celebrative significance was felt and appreciated in the Renaissance courts: porphyry was among the materials most sought after by Sixteenth Century collectors. In Florence, Grand Duke Cosimo I had a particular liking for this stone and sponsored its use in large-scale sculptural works. Given that the ability to execute large sculptural works in this arduous material had long since been lost, such works represented a remarkable technical accomplishment.

Porphyry: a compact, very hard, purple red stone dotted with minute white specks, from the isthmus of Suez, in the eastern Egypt, on the Gebel Dokhan mount, known to the Romans as Mons Porphyrites (from the red color of this stone) or Mons Igneus, Fire mountain. The Porfido Rosso Antico is the classic Roman stone, the symbol of the emperial power and honor. By the late empire, the royal purple stone (porphyry) helped to emphasize the changing role of the emperor as master and divinity, not just "first among equals". This marble was used in emperial tombs, wall panels, columns and vases, whose one of the most famous example is the round vase exposed in the Vatican museum. His high hardness limited strongly his usage in the sculpture, nevertheless the results are excellent.Info source: dragons-intl.com

       
Gravel  

gravel pic from http://www.circleslandscape.com/products.php?cid=4

image source:www.circleslandscape.com

gravel pebbles bathroom pic from http://www.davinapreca.com/blog/index.html

image source:www.davinapreca.com

gravel interior design picfrom http://freshome.com/tag/pebbles/

image source: freshome.com

gravel exterior pic from http://patriciagrayinc.blogspot.com/2008/08/sunday-in-milan.html

image source: patriciagrayinc.blogspot.com

 

 

       
Links  

more about marble: tilenet.net , www.planotile.com

more web sources about marble and granite: www.marbleandmore.com

stone materials network : stone-network.com

more about granite: www.stonesmithinc.com

more about marble: www.athenastonetiles.co.uk , www.flooringguide.com

more about onyx : www.cst.cmich.edu , www.thesexykitchen.com

more about porphyry : dragons-intl.com

stone internaional marketplace : www.findstone.com

natural stone tops seller :www.paramountgranite.com

natural stones floors and walls: www.naturalstonetilesflooring.co.uk , www.harrisslate.com

 

DOWNLOAD ARCHITECTURAL 3D MODEL

 

DOWNLOAD MARBLE AND GRANITE TEXTURES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
       
Help  

how to navigate this page:

 

Please scroll up, down, left and right this page. You can either scroll the page by using the browser scrollbar on the right of the browser window or by pressing your keyboard arrows.