idesign > styles > Neoplasticism

Holland, 1917 -1931 AC

 

 

De Stijl

Theo Van Doesburg

Gerrit Rietveld

 

 

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gerrit rietveld neoplasticism design chair pic from www.moma.org

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De Stijl

 

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neoplasticim de stijl

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The Dutch De Stijl movement was influenced by Cubism, although it sought a greater abstract purity in its geometric formalism. Organized in Leiden in 1917, the painters Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg and the architects Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud and Gerrit Thomas Rietveld were counted among its members. Their “Neoplastic” aesthetic advocated severe precision of line and shape, austerely pristine surfaces, a Spartan economy of form, and purity of colour. Rietveld’s Schroeder House, built in 1924 at Utrecht, was a three-dimensional parallel to Mondrian’s paintings of the period. Van Doesburg’s work for the Bauhaus art school at Weimar brought the influence of Dutch Neoplasticism to bear upon Gropius and Mies, whose plans for houses at times markedly resembled van Doesburg’s paintings. Info source: www.britannica.org

       

Theo Van Doesburg

 

neoplasticism van doesburg design

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theo van doesburg interior pic from http://arh346.blogspot.com/

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The Dutch artist Theo van Doesburg (1883-1931) was one of the founders of the modern art movement called de Stijl and the chief promoter of its ideas. He was involved in painting and interior decorating and writing on art, but it was only in 1917 after he had met the painter Piet Mondrian that Van Doesburg formulated his ideas clearly. The two painters founded the group de Stijl (the Style) and the avant-garde review of the same name when they and several other artists established a number of common aspirations which formed the basis of the movement.

His advocacy of the geometric style was well received at the Bauhaus, where he taught briefly and influenced Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. In 1926 Doesburg wrote his manifesto, "De Stijl", and in 1930 he moved to Paris and opened a studio, which became the focus of the movement. Info source: www.answers.com

       

Gerrit Rietveld

 

rietveld interior neoplasticism pic from

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red blue table pic from gerrit rietveld

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Gerrit Thomas Rietveld was born in Utrecht in the Netherlands in 1888. After working in his father's joinery business, he apprenticed at a jewellery studio. In 1911 he started his own cabinet-making firm, which he maintained for eight years. In this same period, he studied architecture. Through his studies he became acquainted with several founders of De Stijl. In 1917 Rietveld designed the Red Blue Chair, which signalled a radical change in architectural theory. His unusual furniture designs led to several housing commissions which he invariably designed in a Neo-plastic style. The designs utilized the free and variable use of space and showed a profound understanding of dynamic spatial ideas. In the late 1920s architecture in the Netherlands focused on the idea of "dematerialization". This idea influenced a series of terrace houses with which Rietveld was involved. Info source: www.artificeimages.com

         
       

Pictures

 

theo van doesburg and rietveld interior pic from

image source:commons.wikimedia.org

 

 

 

schroder house 3d pic from http://designbyvalue.com/portfolio/project2.php?project=schroder_houseimage source:www.designbyvalue.com

schroder house pic from www.moma.orgimage source:pc.blogspot.com

rietveld interior pic from http://www.werelderfgoed.nl/media/Rietveld/200/321511rietveldinterklein.jpgimage source:www.werelderfgoed.nl

casa schroder pic from http://cupofred.blogspot.com/2008_05_01_archive.htmlimage source:cupofred.blogspot.com

 

rietveld chair 1919 pic from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Gerrit_Thomas_Rietveld_-_Childrens_Chair_-_1919.jpgimage source: wikipedia.org

gerrit rietveld armchair from www.bonluxat.comimage source:www.bonluxat.com

 

neoplasticism de stijl book pic from www.amazon.comimage source: www.amazon.com

 

 

 

 

   
       
Links  

360° visualization of Red-Blue Chair by Rietveld: iDesign / Design Objects / Red-Blue Chair

3D exploration of Schroder House: iDesign / Architecture / Schroder House

more about Neoplasticism history: www.britannica.org

more about Piet Mondrian paintings: www.sjsu.edu

more about Theo Van Doesburg:www.answers.com

more about Gerrit Thomas Rietveld:www.artificeimages.com

a book about De Stijl : www.amazon.com

 

 

DOWNLOAD RED AND BLUE CHAIR 3D MODEL

 

DOWNLOAD SCHRODER HOUSE 3D MODEL

 

 

 

   
       
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