The Invention of Perspective

Italy, 16th Century AC

 

 

 

The invention of Perspective

Rafael's Perspective

Andrea Pozzo's

Tromp l'oeil

Pictures

Links

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rafael "Sposalizio della Vergine" 1504 Milano pic from www.istitutomaserati.it

image source:www.istitutomaserati.it

 

 

       
Perspective invention  

perspective invention pic from virtualterritory.files.wordpress.com

image source: virtualterritory.files.wordpress.com

 

This phenomenon was first observed during the 16th century, when a German painter and printmaker named Albrecht Dürer began drawing observed objects onto a sheet of glass (below, left), later known as the 'picture plane.' Prior to the discovery of the picture-plane, artists used their best guess to determine perspective. Info source: virtualterritory.files.wordpress.com

 

       

Rafael's Perspective

 

rafael perspective picture from www.dl.ket.org

image source: www.dl.ket.org

  Raphael. Painted in 1510-1511, this monumental fresco ably summarizes the Italian Renaissance passion for classical antiquity. Depicting some of the greatest figures from classical antiquity, such as Plato and Aristotle, he gave them the faces of his contemporaries, like Michelangelo. The painting's use of single vanishing point perspective, mastery of figures, and choice of subject matter mark this as a work of the High Italian Renaissance.Info source: www.dl.ket.org
       
Andrea Pozzo's  

andrea pozzo ceiling of S.Ignazio pic from www.romeartlover.it

image source: www.romeartlover.it

 
The illusionistic effect reached by Pozzo was so satisfactory that S. Ignazio never got a dome and Pozzo was commissioned the decoration of the main nave.
Pozzo was expected to show again his illusionistic skills and he fully met these expectations. The entablature of the cornice, i.e. the framing of the ceiling among painted columns and architraves was not unusual, but Pozzo designed a sort of open ancient temple framing the sky with a myriad of figures, including allegories of the four continents. The subject of the painting - St. Ignatius' glory - is just a scene at the center of the ceiling. Info source: www.romeartlover.it
       
Tromp l'oeil  

sala delle prospettive tromp l'oeil picture from www.uh.edu

image source: www.uh.edu

 

Architectural illusionism was known in antiquity and revived in the early fourteenth century, notably by Giotto, but the great vogue begins in the sixteenth century in Italy, and continues in the seventeenth throughout Europe, when interior walls and ceilings of secular buildings were also frescoed with grand vistas of exterior spaces.

Baldassare Peruzzi, "Sala delle Prospettive," fresco, c. 1515, Villa Farnesina, Rome. Trompe l'oeil painters challenge the conventions of Renaissance, fixed-point perspective—what is referred to as Albertian perspective, after Leone Battista Alberti, the early Renaissance architect and Humanist who codified these conventions. Info source: www.uh.edu

       

Pictures

 

renaissance perspective picture from www.liceartcs.it

image source: www.liceartcs.it

 

 

renaissance perspective picture from www.istitutomaserati.itimage source:www.istitutomaserati.it

architectural illusionism picture from www.patricias-palette.comimage source:www.patricias-palette.com

 

 

 

   
       
Links  

the invention of perspective:virtualterritory.files.wordpress.com

more about Architectural Illusion:www.uh.edu

more about Roman Art: www.romeartlover.it

more tromp l'oeil pictures: www.patricias-palette.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
       
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