idesign > styles > Postmodernism

International 20th - 21st Century AC

 

 

 

Postmodernism

 

Louis Khan

Richard Meier

Mario Botta

Steven Holl

 

 

Pictures

Links

help

 

 

 

ancient greece furniture drawings from www.zeno.org

image source: blog.aia.org

 

DOWNLOAD POSTMODERN ARCHITECTURE 3D MODEL

DOWNLOAD POSTMODERN FURNITURE 3D MODEL

 

 

 

       

Postmodernism

 

richard meier douglas house postmodernist design pic from cubeme.com

image source: cubeme.com

viganello house postmodernism design by mario botta pic from www.vitruvio.ch

image source: www.vitruvio.ch

steven holl postmodernist architecture pic from www.designboom.com

image source: www.designboom.com

postmodernist architecture steven holl pic from http://www.artur-photo.de/uploaded_images/VW360-10-731836.JPG

image source: blackwhiteyellow.blogspot.com

 

Postmodern - A wide-ranging term describing certain post-World War II artistic works, characterized by non linearity, self-referentiality if not self-parody, and multiple/simultaneous sensory impressions (McGraw-Hill, 2002) Info source: www.cybercreator.co.uk

Architectural Postmodernism is the continuation of the Modern movement (or International Style) started by european architects at the beginning of the century. The passage from one style to another is not so clearly defined. In fact Philp Johnson and Louis Khan can be considered as late modernists and early postmodernists.

Modernist architecture envisages itself as architecture beyond any styles, moreover outside the very thought of style. There are certain resemblances between modernist and postmodern architects Definitely, 'traditional' postmodern architects sound surprisingly like modernists. Info source: www.syl.com

However Modern and Postmodern are clearly separated by an intermediate stage called "Brutalism". Brutalism, developed after the second world war, as a extremely functionalist style based on the studies of Bauhaus School and Le Corbusier's "existenz minimum" theories.

Postmodern can be defined as both: a revisitation of the old International Style and a rejection of the later degenerated forms of Modernism, such as Brutalism. Venturi's Kitsch style and the Deconstructivism movement are perfect examples of the opposition to extremely functional architecture.

Classical explanation of postmodernism was made by Charles Jencks in 1978. He characterized postmodernist architecture as "double coding": the mixture of Modern techniques with traditional construction so postmodern architects could communicate with the society and an anxious minority, as a rule, other architects. Info source: www.syl.com

 

       
Louis Khan  

louis khan postmodernnism pic from http://blog.miragestudio7.com/wp-content/uploads2/2007/07/my_architect_louis_khan_documentary.jpg

image source: thomasbarwickportfolio.blogspot.com

postmodernist design louis khan kimbell art museum pic from flickr.com

image source: flickr.com

louis khan postmodernist interior pic from flicker.com

image source: thomasbarwickportfolio.blogspot.com

klismos chair picture from www.mlahanas.de

louis khan interior design postmodernism pic from www.nytimes.com

image source: www.nytimes.com

 

One of the most influential architects of the second half of the twentieth century throughout the world, Louis I. Kahn's life was firmly rooted in Philadelphia, just as his enduring legacy as a teacher and practitioner has continued to affect the architectural community in the region into the twenty-first century. Info source:www.philadelphiabuildings.org

Beginning in 1935 Kahn worked with a series of partners, but from 1948 until his death in 1974, Kahn worked alone. From 1947 to 1957 he was Design Critic and Professor of Architecture at Yale University, after which he was Dean at the University of Pennsylvania.

Kahn's architecture is notable for its simple, platonic forms and compositions. Through the use of brick and poured-in place concrete masonry, he developed a contemporary and monumental architecture that maintained a sympathy for the site. While rooted in the International Style, Kahn's architecture was an amalgam of his Beaux Arts education and a personal aesthetic impulse to develop his own architectural forms. Info source:www.greatbuildings.com

       
Richard Meier  

richard meier ara pacis postmodernist architecture pic from http://blog.miragestudio7.com/2007/08/richard-meier/

image source: blog.miragestudio7.com

meier postmodernist hosue pic from http://i118.photobucket.com/albums/o115/modernhepcat65/architecture/Richard_Meier.jpg

 

meier postmodernist interior design pic from coolboom.com

image source: coolboom.net

smith house postmodernism by richard meier pic from www.pritzkerprice.com

image source: www.pritzkerprize.com

 

Richard Meier received his architectural training at Cornell University and established his own office in New York in 1963. His practice has included major civic commissions in the United States, Europe, and Asia, including courthouses and city halls, museums, corporate headquarters, and housing and private residences. Info source: www.history.com

In 1984 at the age of 49, Meier was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize, often referred to as the Nobel of architecture. He was the youngest architect to receive the profession's highest accolade. Meier is known for resisting trend-based designs, instead developing his own design philosophy rooted in rationalism and noted for its use of the color white.

His designs can be seen as Neo-Corbusian, referencing the famous French architect's early phase in particular. Meier has also named Frank Lloyd Wright as another major influence. Info source: www.bigthink.com

Meier has maintained a specific and unalterable attitude toward the design of buildings from the moment he first entered architecture. Although his later projects show a definite refinement from his earlier projects, he clearly authored both based on the same design concepts. With admirable consistency and dedication, he has ignored the fashion trends of modern architecture and maintained his own design philosophy.

Meier has created a series of striking, but related designs. He usually designs white Neo-Corbusian forms with enameled panels and glass. These structure usually play with the linear relationships of ramps and handrails. Although all have a similar look, Meier manages to generate endless variations on his singular theme. Info source: architects.greatbuildings.com

       
Mario Botta  

mario botta postmodernism pic from http://lnx.ebshop.it/catalog/images/Mario%20Botta%20emozioni%20di%20pietra.jpg

image source: lnx.ebshop.it

moma postmodernism design botta mario pic from http://moleskinearquitectonico.blogspot.com/2007_10_01_archive.html

image source: moleskinearquitectonico.blogspot.com

botta casa rotonda postmodernist architectur

casa san vitale botta postmodernims architecture pic from www.botta.ch

image source: www.botta.ch

botta postmodernism architecture pic from http://architettitaliani.blogspot.com/

image source: architettitaliani.blogspot.com

 

botta design postmodernism pic from http://www.stylepark.com/it/artemide/shogun-tavolo

image source: www.stylepark.com

 

He began his first project, the rectory in Genestrerio. After that he studied under Carlo Scarpa at the Institute University of Architecture in Venice. 1965 he worked with Le Corbusier on his last project the Venice Hospital. From 1969, shortly before the end of his studies he met Louis Kahn, with whom he worked together on various projects.
In 1970 Mario Botta opened his own Architectural Office. In the following years he designed numerous self-contained houses.

Many of Botta's projects have been single-family houses. For him, the single-family house includes the problems and the objectives of the entire discipline of architecture. Carrying on the ideas of Kahn, Mario Botta believes in the organization of the relationship between man and nature and the distinctive characterization of man in relationship to his own environment.

Mario Botta is keenly interested in history and in the study of man's habitat through time. Because the home has been the one constant through the evolution of history, Mario Botta feels this architectural type deserves both study and elaboration. It is not only individ-ual needs, but the collective requirements of societies that fascinate him. Another theme pervading his single-family houses is the search for the roots of a design and man's identity in a particular place.

Cultural traditions are important throughout Mario Botta's projects, and his forms are derived from - but not copied from - "the environment as a testimony of history and memory".

From his houses of the early 1970s when projects were conceived as an agrarian metaphor with a linear, asymetrical structure, Mario Botta's designs have evolved to more formal partis where a central axis usually carries a stair to the north, a framed view to the south, and a carefully composed and structured skylight as a crown.

His house forms are simple, elementary volumes where the exterior is independent from the interior. Internal planning is developed with a grid and suggests a layering of planes that introduce the carefully framed views and long vistas into the interior, reminiscent of the times before the Ticino landscape was consumed by a building boom. Info source: architect.architecture.sk

       
Steven Holl  

steven holl postmodernist picture from http://architecture.myninjaplease.com/?cat=42&paged=2

image source: architecture.myninjaplease.com

steven holl atkins museum postmodernist design

image source: blackwhiteyellow.blogspot.com

steven holl postmodernist architecture pic from www.aia.org

image source: www.aia.org

steven holl postmodernist style house

image source: www.coolboom.net

steven holl postmodernist interior pic from

steven holl postmodernist interior design pic from www.trendier.com

image source: www.trendir.com

 

 

The success of steven holl's architecture derives from
his sculptural shapes, his interest in the poetics of space
color, and material, as well as his fascination with scientific
phenomena. his work refers to urban history and the
potentials of modern science.

'it is precisely the realm of ideas - not of forms or styles -
that presents the most promising legacy of twentieth-century
architecture. the twenty-first century propels architecture into
a world where meanings cannot be completely supplied by
historical languages. modern life brings with it the problem
of the meaning of the larger whole. the increased size and
programmatic complexity of buildings amplify the innate
tendency of architecture toward abstraction.
the tall office building, the urban apartment house,
and the hybrid of commercial complex call for more
open ideas more imaginative organization of a work of
architecture. organization of overall form depends on
a central concept to which other elements remain
subordinate.' holl says.

steven holl is a virtuoso of light: starting from the
specific requirements of use, he conducts a kind of basic
research of the connections between light and space and their
perception. the lighting of the interiors and the orchestration
of varied shades of color in dialogue with the spatial layout
results in a convincing whole.
this is direct, empirical architecture which supplies a wealth
of fundamental perceptual material.
steven holl truly creates experiences with his buildings.

'as the imperceptible downward flow of glass in the lower
portion of window panes measures the passage of time,
architecture also serves as an index of time.
second, minute, hour, month, year, decade, epoch,
millennium all are focused by the lens of architecture.
architecture is among the least ephemeral, most permanent
expressions of culture... to embrace the unique anxieties of
our time, one must avoid false optimism and the phantoms
of nostalgia. our challenge is to make spaces of a serenity
and exhilaration that allow the modern soul to emerge.
our everyday lives include the upside-down view of the
earth, in a live television broadcast in which figures walk
without gravity, or stroll along a sidewalk past barrels of live
crabs fighting each other. the modern soul, its unprecedented
spirit, must have an architecture.' so holl. Info source: www.designboom.com

       

Pictures

 

meier jesolo postmodernism pic from http://box.plotcad.it/public/post/richard-meier-jesolo-lido-hotel-e-complesso-residenziale---lido-di-jesolo-venezia-174.asp

image source: box.plotcad.it

 

 

 

louis khan postmodernist architecture pic from flickr.comimage source: flickr.com

postmodernism mario botta http://flickr.com/photos/kyllwtr/2561655554image source: flickr.com

mario botta postmodernist pic from http://www.windoweb.it/guida/scienze/biografia_mario_botta.htmimage source: www.windoweb.it

mario botta postmodernism pic from http://swissdeluxehotels.com/en/news.cfm?category=MediaSDH&subcat=MediaNewsDESDH&id=112105image source: swissdeluxehotels.com

richard meier postmodernist architecture smith house pic from http://www.ad.ntust.edu.tw/grad/think/HOMEWORK/2003/edung/pp/My%20Webs/images/smith_glass_sm_small.jpgimage source: www.ad.ntust.edu.tw

meier postmodernism interior design pic from http://wirednewyork.com/forum/showthread.php?p=232713image source: wirednewyork.com

meier postmodersnismimage source: curbednetwork.com

ancient greece pic from designboom.com image source: www.outnext.com

postmodernism steven holl interior design pic from http://www.worldarchitecturenews.com/index.php?fuseaction=wanappln.projectview&upload_id=614image source: www.worldarchitecturenews.com

3d reconstruction from www.vizing.orgimage source: atcasa.corriere.it

 

 

 

 

   
       
Links  

more about Louis Khan: www.greatbuildings.com

Richard Meier's Studio : www.richardmeier.com

more about Richard Meier : www.architonic.com

Mario Botta's studio: www.botta.ch

more about Mario Botta:architect.architecture.sk

Steven Holl's studio: www.stevenholl.com

more about Steven Holl: www.designboom.com

 

DOWNLOAD POSTMODERN ARCHITECTURE 3D MODEL

DOWNLOAD POSTMODERN FURNITURE 3D MODEL

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
       
Help  

how to navigate this page:

 

Please scroll up, down, left and right this page. You can either scroll the page by using the browser scrollbar on the right of the browser window or by pressing your keyboard arrows.